Here, the overwhelming majority of the population came out for the King inand throughout the rest of the war these two regions remained Charles I's most important 'magazines of men'. This extravagance was tempered by James's peaceful disposition, so that by the succession of his son Charles I in the two kingdoms had both experienced relative peace, internally and in their relations with each other, for as long as anyone could remember.
One was to revive conventions, often outdated.
Many people, particularly the more zealous protestants, or 'puritans', came to fear that Charles was pursuing a hidden agenda: that he planned to remove his people's rights, or 'liberties', and to restore England to the Catholic fold.
As King of Scots, he had to find money to pay the Scottish army in England; as King of England, he had to find money to pay and equip an English army to defend England.
Charles I, in the meantime, had left London and also raised an army using the archaic system of a Commission of Array.
Other Parliamentarian forces won the Battle of Winceby giving them control of Lincoln.
Charles moved in a westerly direction, first to Staffordthen on to Shrewsburyas support for his cause seemed particularly strong in the Severn valley area and in North Wales. As a result, they have demonstrated that the pattern of allegiances in the war did not fit the theories of Whig or Marxist historians.
Friction was particularly apparent between religious conservatives, men and women who were happy with the Church of England as it had been established at the time of the Reformation, and more 'Godly' protestants', those who considered the Church to be 'but half reformed' and were determined to rid it of the 'rags and patches of Rome'.
This rebellion derived, on the one hand, from long-term social, religious, and economic causes namely tenurial insecurity, economic instability, indebtedness, and a desire to have the Roman Catholic Church restored to its pre- Reformation position and, on the other hand, from short-term political factors that triggered the outbreak of violence.
For example, imposed drainage schemes in The Fens disrupted the livelihood of thousands after the King awarded a number of drainage contracts.