Referencig encyclopedias in research papers

He compiled a work of 37 chapters covering natural history, architecture, medicine, geography, geology, and other aspects of the world around him.

He stated in the preface that he had compiled 20, facts from works by over authors, and added many others from his own experience. As such, dictionary entries are not fully translatable into other languages, but encyclopedia articles can be.

Encompassing over 5, A-Z reference entries, chapters from scholarly and introductory works, Qur'anic materials, primary sources, images, maps, and timelines, Oxford Islamic Studies Onlineoffers a multi-layered reference experience designed to provide a first stop for anyone needing information and context on Islam.

Follow two simple rules: Do your research properly and wisely. Some works entitled "dictionaries" are actually similar to encyclopedias, especially those concerned with a particular field such as the Dictionary of the Middle Agesthe Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Shipsand Black's Law Dictionary.

Anyone can access or cite Dictionary content by using the on-site browse or major Web search engines The Oxford History of Islam, a chaptered work containing authoritative essays by leading Muslim and non-Muslim scholars on the origins of the faith, arts, sciences, and history to the present-day situation of Islam What Everyone Needs to Know About Islam, a question-and-answer guide by John L.

Title of entry. Synonymous words and those related by the subject matter are to be found scattered around the dictionary, giving no obvious place for in-depth treatment.

encyclopedia britannica

In The Encyclopedia Britannica. This page is not one of Wikipedia's policies or guidelinesas it has not been thoroughly vetted by the community. Last Name Ed.

Can you cite an encyclopedia in a research paper

Citation is not needed for fact-checking general knowledge. In addition to defining and listing synonymous terms for the topic, the article is able to treat the topic's more extensive meaning in more depth and convey the most relevant accumulated knowledge on that subject. See also. The most popular encyclopedia of the Carolingian Age was the De universo or De rerum naturis by Rabanus Maurus , written about ; it was based on Etymologiae. The page number is included for direct quotes but is optional for paraphrasing: Barnes, In approximately , Franciscus Puccius wrote a letter to Politianus thanking him for his Miscellanea, calling it an encyclopedia. Year of Publication. This trend has continued. Browne structured his encyclopaedia upon the time-honoured scheme of the Renaissance, the so-called 'scale of creation' which ascends through the mineral, vegetable, animal, human, planetary, and cosmological worlds. When publishing at the same rate became financially impossible, they turned to subscriptions and serial publications. The former method is today the more common, especially for general works.

The work was published around AD 77—79, although Pliny probably never finished editing the work before his death in the eruption of Vesuvius in AD

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5 Ways to Cite an Encyclopedia