Following a July cease-fire, the two sides signed a treaty in December that called for the establishment of the Irish Free State, a self-governing nation of the British Commonwealth, the following year. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:.
Two troops of British cavalry were sent to investigate what was happening. Cathal Brughaa rebel officer, distinguished himself in this action and was badly wounded. Elsewhere, they hit civilians with their rifle butts to drive them off. Within a week, the British had declared martial law across the country and suppressed the rebellion leaving around dead and more than 2, injured.
The Irish Republican Army launched an attack against the British government and its troops based in Ireland. Most of the rebel strongholds — increasingly isolated from one another — could not hold out long against trained soldiers. An RIC officer and one of the brothers were killed, while another brother was later executed.
More than 3, people suspected of supporting the uprising, directly or indirectly, were arrested, and some 1, were sent to England and imprisoned there without trial.
They hoped that, with German help, they would then be able to drive the British out of the Malay peninsula and eventually from the whole of the Far East. The headquarters garrison at the GPO, after days of shelling, was forced to abandon their headquarters when fire caused by the shells spread to the GPO.
Civilians were evacuated and policemen were ejected or taken prisoner. Most of the rebel leaders had been under police surveillance but even well-known militants like Thomas Clarke, who had served a year prison term, were able to proselytise relatively freely, and their secret insurrection planning was not picked up.
The world historical significance if the Easter Rising gives it much more weight than just some particular nationalist rebellion in Ireland.